Caesalpinia pulcherrima is a species of flowering plant in
the pea family, Fabaceae, that is native to the tropics and subtropics
of the Americas. This is the national flower of the most eastern
Caribbean island territory Barbados. Common names for this species
include Poinciana, Peacock Flower, Red Bird of Paradise, Mexican Bird of
Paradise, Dwarf Poinciana, Pride of Barbados, and flamboyan-de-jardin.
It is a drought tolerant plant and thus has low water needs.
juice from the leaves is said to cure fever, the juice from the flower
is said to cure sores, and the seeds are said to cure bad cough,
breathing difficulty, and chest pain. These seeds are harvested locally here in Barbados and are available all year round.